German Chancellor Angela Merkel addressed a crowd of around 5,000 Sunday at a “Stand Up: Jew Hatred – Never Again!” rally at Berlin’s Brandenburg Gate.

“The fight against anti-Semitism is our state and civic duty,” said Merkel. “I will not accept it, and none of us here will accept it.”

The Local reports:

In July, at the height of the Israeli bombardment of Gaza, Germany’s Jewish community condemned an “explosion of evil and violent hatred of Jews” at pro-Palestinian rallies where some demonstrators chanted that Jews should be “gassed”, “burnt” and “slaughtered”.

More seriously, four people were shot dead in May at the Jewish museum in Brussels, Belgium. The museum only reopened on Sunday.

The spate of ugly incidents that deeply unsettled Germany’s resurgent 200,000-strong Jewish community also saw a petrol bomb hurled at the facade of a synagogue in the western city of Wuppertal.